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Sat Parkash Gupta :
B.Sc. (Engg.) Honors
Univ.1st G. Medalist
Sole Inventor

 (2G), (3G L1) and (4G Lc) greenhouse innovative technology   

        No lien of any kind 
        (2G) innovations comprise multiple inventions as mentioned by EPO ISA in ISR
      (2G) comprise solutions of almost all problems of prior art existing greenhouses.
        (2G) Patents already granted in US, EP, China, Korea, Eurasia, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, however     
     pending in India.
        (3G L1) innovations comprises Improvements over (2G)
        (3G L1) Patents already granted in Australia, EP NOA received, US and Canada NOA expected soon.
        (4G Lc) Patent applications filed in India, US, Canada, China, Eurasia pending unlikely to pursue in US. 
        (2G) and (3G L1) greenhouse innovative technology has unlimited potential because (2G) and (3G L1) Innovative        
     facilities can be retrofitted into existing greenhouses.
        500 M2 prototype greenhouse installed with (2G), (3G L1) and (4G Lc) innovative facilities.
        In greenhouse technology all along no tangible innovations have materialized,
        In this regard kindly be apprised that present greenhouse innovative technology Patents have much more applications         over IT etc Patents. As such discussions with a few experienced greenhouse growers and greenhouse manufacturers is       essential
        At least 25% saving in thermal energy cost
        At least 30% saving in cooling cost
        At least 20% higher plant density and productivity due to mechanizing and maximizing air circulation around plants
       
At least 30% saving in cost of nutrients
 
Benefits of closed (without vents ) greenhouse
      •        Obviates need of hourly 2 Nos. full exchanges of greenhouse warm environment with outside environment cold air to       maintain Co2 and O2 balance in greenhouse, leading to substantial reduction in associated thermal energy cost for           heating the exchanged cold air
        Co2 rich or O2 rich greenhouse air can not escape into outside environment
        Facilitates Co2 enrichment in hot geographical locations as well.

 

Benefits of releasing at cultivation level of crop into the greenhouse
Example operation during light hours : 
Release manifold releasing into greenhouse at cultivation level of crops
             Co2 rich conditioned greenhouse air from 1st No. earth tube heat exchanger
        CO2 rich almost dry greenhouse air directly from dehumidifying tanks to maintain greenhouse air relative humidity                defined point in cold geographical locations or to maintain greenhouse air temperature defined point in hot geographical      locations by optimal evaporative cooling.
      Compressed atmospheric air stored in tank Ta to maintain Co2 and O2 balance in greenhouse
        Hot air in cold geographical locations,

 

 

 

Example operation during dark hours : 
Release manifold releasing into greenhouse at cultivation level of crops

        O2 rich conditioned greenhouse air from 2nd No. earth tube heat exchanger
        O2 rich almost dry greenhouse air directly from dehumidifying tanks to maintain greenhouse air relative humidity defined        point in cold geographical locations or to maintain greenhouse air temperature defined point in hot geographical locations        by optimal evaporative cooling.
        Compressed atmospheric air stored in tank Ta to maintain Co2 and O2 balance in greenhouse
        Hot air in cold geographical locations,
        Pushes up greenhouse air from cultivation level to above the plants,
        Creates multiple combinations of horizontal and vertical flows, and air circulation cycles around plants for uniform mixing         of released air with existing greenhouse air which :
        Provides optimal ventilation.
        Maintains uniform air temperature point,
        Maintains uniform air relative humidity corresponding to air temperature point
        Maintains in greenhouse at all horizontal and vertical locations uniform air relative humidity point and uniform temperature       point corresponding to relative humidity
        Facilitates significant improvement in timing of crops, especially of flowers.
        Mechanizes and maximizes air circulation around plants facilitating much higher crop density and productivity
        Obviates horizontal and vertical gradients
        Obviates hot or cold pockets:
        O2 rich greenhouse air released into greenhouse during dark hours rejuvenates health of plants, maximizing resistance of         plants to diseases organisms, bacteria, pathogens, fungi, viral infection, harmful insect pests etc  
        Obviates need of horizontal air fans saving capital and operating cost of horizontal fans,
        Strengthens and hardens stems of plants,
        Prevents escape of stored Co2 rich conditioned greenhouse air into outside environment because of being released at              cultivation level is readily taken up by plants
        Pollinates plants like tomato, bell pepper etc; during pollination hours release pressure of release manifold is suitably              increased to maximize pollination.
      Facilitates a more economically viable greenhouse wherein instead of purchasing  high cost carbon credits, substantial            revenue is generated by selling carbon credits that are not used because greenhouse Co2 is prevented from being released      into environment
      Achieves all benefits of a tall greenhouse in a less tall greenhouse leading to more economically viable greenhouse with            reduced capital and operating cost and greater energy efficiency.

 

        1st Module suitable for cold geographical locations comprises : a compressor, 2 No. centrifugal blowers comprising a capture blowers, a release blower, a capture manifold, a release manifold  and 2 Nos. dehumidifying tanks,
        Compressor with capture manifold captures from above the plants, Co2 rich greenhouse humid air during dark hours and O2 rich humid air during light hours, and compresses the captured humid air for releasing into dehumidifying tanks for maintaining captured Co2 rich and O2 rich air almost dry
        Release blower with release manifold releases into greenhouse at cultivation level of crops directly from dehumidifying tanks, Co2 rich almost dry greenhouse air during light hours and O2 rich almost dry air during dark hours for mixing with greenhouse existing humid air for adjusting greenhouse air relative humidity in cold geographical locations and adjusting greenhouse air temperature in hot geographical locations by optimal evaporative cooling.
 
·       2nd Module comprises : 2 No. centrifugal blowers comprising a capture blowers, a release blower, a capture manifold, a release manifold,  2 Nos. earth tube heat exchangers comprising large diameter reinforced concrete pipes intalled end to end at 3 meter depth to store and condition relatively cooler air to relatively warmer temperature in cold geographical locations and condition relatively warmer air  to relatively cooler temperature in hot geographical locations and maintains greenhouse air temperature equal to average thermal constant temperature of a location; which is mostly 10 to 25° C
        1st No. earth tube heat excahanger stores and conditions Co2 rich air,
        2nd No. earth tube heat excahanger stores and conditions O2 rich air
  
        Earth tube heat exchanger substantially reduces greenhouse heating or cooling cost in respective cold and hot geographical locations. Leading to much more economically viable greenhouse by reducing conventional fossil fuel burning in cold geographical locations and using much less electric power in hot geographical locations. 
        2nd Module has unlimited applications like maintaining indoor and/or outdoor environment temperature equal to thermal constant temperature in cold and hot geographical locations like heating or cooling local environment occupied by people
 
        2nd Module also reduces heating cost of residential, commercial premises including  but not limited to, offices, malls, multiplexes, hotels, industrial units and the like, wherein these premises would otherwise be heated by burning fossil fuel for heating water to 60-80°C for circulation into heating radiators.
 
        3rd Module suitable for hot geographical locations comprises a capture blowers, a release blower, a capture manifold, a release manifold, and 2 Nos. earth tube heat exchangers.
Capture blower with capture manifold captures Co2 rich greenhouse air during dark hours and O2 rich air during light hours which are directly stored into respective 1st No. and 2nd No. earth tube heat exchangers
 
        4th Module comprises a biothermal energy harnessing single  tank,  having an  inlet  at  top end  for  partially  loading  fresh  material and an outlet at bottom end for partially unloading compost at defined intervals further comprising  a blower, a water pump, a water tank, a hot air tank, a Co2 tank.
        Harnessed biothermal hot air is used for greenhouse heating
        Reducing burning fossil fuel to reduce global warming.
        Warming drip dosing activated nutrient dilluted solution,
        Warming drip dosing crop treatment solution,
        Warming foliar dosing activated nutrient solution, equal to greenhouse air temperature
        Warming foliar dosing crop treatment solution
        Injecting hot air into heating manifold on greenhouse cover film interior surfaces for melting snow on exterior surfaces        of greenhouse
        Providing high quality sterilized compost
 
        5th Module also comprises melting snow on surfaces of Airport runways wherein so far snow is melted by built-in heating modules in concrete slabs of Airport runways mostly burning fossil fuel whereas snow on Railway tracks and Roadways is removed by earth moving machines
 
        5th Module also comprises melting snow on surfaces comprises at least 2 No. blowers, each equipped with a heating sub module in its inlet producing hot air of defined temperature, mounted on motorized trolleys’ located staggered at defined distances in between based upon length of surfaces. 
 
        6th Module reduces global warming by preventing greenhouse Co2 from being released into outside environment  by capturing, storing for utilizing greenhouse Co2 for enrichment and maintains greenhouse Co2 content point
 
·     7th Module comprises sprinkler manifolds on greenhouse roof, both gable sides and both long sides for washing off dust / dirt from exterior surfaces of greenhouse cover film, during defined sunlight hours, durations, and intervals atmospheric solar radiation sensor turn wise switches-on all the sprinkler manifolds for throwing pressurized water onto greenhouse exterior surfaces
 
        8th Module comprises efficient fire fighting system which is similar to washing off dust / dirt except that on visual smoke detection sprinkler manifolds nearest to fire breakout location are manually switched-on for throwing pressurized water onto fire
.
 
        9th  Module comprises a mechanized module for adjusting height of artificial light source for maintaining defined distance between artificial light source and tops of plants growing in the greenhouse throughout all growth stages
 
·       10th  Module comprises  artificial light facility comprising light emitting diode (LED)  lamps emitting red, blue and white light in defined proportions
        LED lamps with hexagon shaped mirrored shades are hung from bottom of greenhouse trusses at defined square                   meters centers comprising facility of being raised as plants grow in height;
        A defined portion of magnifying mirrors is mounted in fixtures for titling at any angle up to 180° in vertical plane and at         any angle up to 360° in horizontal plane
        Aluminum foil on interior surfaces of greenhouse
        Artificial lighting and/or sun light striking a portion of  mirrors, a portion of mirrored shades and a portion of aluminum        foil is reflected repeatedly to surfaces of other portions of mirrors, mirrored shades and aluminum foil and is intensified        and magnified to defined point, producing red, blue and white light in defined proportions.
    10th No. Artificial lighting module comprises unlimited applications in Industrial, and outdoor lighting etc
 
        11th Module comprises drip dosing dilluted solutions of activated cheapest nutrients : Single super phosphate, Urea,           K2O5, FeSo4  by dissolving CaSo4 and MgSo4 in water for preparing activated solutions and converting urea into                   activated solution of nitrate, thus obviating separate irrigation and fertigation events
 
·     12th Module comprises a blower for injecting pressurized O2 rich greenhouse air of defined temperature point into crop        root zone during each drip dosing dilluted solutions activated nutrients for :
        Aeration of crop root zone;
        Maintaining temperature of crop root zone at defined temperature point facilitating optimal uptake of nutrients leading           to increased productivity.
        Switches-off drip dosing event on 1st few drops of drained off leachate facilitating optimal watering and nutrition without      danger of plants collapsing due to water logging.
 
        13th Module in cold geographical locations maintains greenhouse air relative humidity at about 80% reducing pressure        of disease. Several serious diseases like botrytis and powdery mildew are directly related to greenhouse air high relative      humidity.
 
        14th  Module obviates gutters in multi span structured greenhouses leading to almost 10% saving structure cost together      with maintenance and replacement cost
        Heavy downpour water (Due to climate change downpours are mostly heavy) overflowing on multi span structured                greenhouse roofs, along sides, into greenhouse and causing damage to crop inside together with eliminating problems        related to gutters such as:
        Blocking incoming sunlight into the greenhouse
        Condensation or mist on interior surfaces
        Water drops dripping on to plants causing injury,
        Snow accumulation
        Dust /dirt accumulation
        Algae and fungi growth
 
        15th  Module obviates gutters in multi span structures and installations for various needs and applications leading to             almost 10% saving in cost of multi span structures together with maintenance and replacement cost wherein heavy              downpour water overflowing on multi span structures roofs, along sides and into the structure, causing damage to                materials inside together with eliminating gutters’ related problems:
 
        16th Module comprises District heating in cold geographical locations comprising 1 No. centrifugal blower with electric         heating sub module of defined KW in its inlet as a collateral for use when essential for differential heating and an earth         tube heat excahnger, wherein the blower draws environment cold air through inlet of earth tube heat exchanger which          conditions the drawn cold  environment air equal to thermal constant temperature of the location (about 10-25° C)                   irrespective of environment air temperature. 
    For heated premises, Inlet for hot air through one corner just above floor level and outlet through other longest corner          just below the celeing level leading to much better comfort like sitting in a garden with hot air blowing gently.
    •      16th No. Bio thermal energy harnessing module is used for increasing temperature of hot air for district heating
 
        17th  Module comprises District cooling in hot geographical locations comprising 1 No. centrifugal blower with  cooling sub module in its inlet and an earth tube heat exchanger, wherein the blower draws environment hot air through inlet of earth tube heat exchanger, which conditions the drawn hot environment air equal to thermal constant temperature of the location (about 10-25° C)  irrespective of environment air temperature for cooling indoor environment so that only differential cooling is needed to maintain indoor environment at a defined temperature point,
 
        18th  Module comprises clearing dense fog from greenhouse environment during early cold mornings when temperature      drops and air relative humidity saturates wherein a release blower, with a heating sub module, releases hot air into                 greenhouse to increase greenhouse air temperature which reduces air relative humidity leading to clearing the fog.
 
        18th  Module also comprises innovative method for clearing fog in environment of air Aircraft by equipping the Aircraft with               compressor together with a heating sub module with about 4 No. pairs of  telescopic pipes, installed flush at suitable locations        near both sides of cockpit, when needed telescopic pipes protrude downwards at about 60O angle to clear foggy or cloudy                 environment throughout including Airport runways during downward journey for landing or for taking off.
 
        18th  Module also using hot air blower on both front sides of Railway Engines and in Bonnets of Road vehicles
 
        19th Module comprises heating manifold on greenhouse cover film interior surfaces for melting snow on greenhouse             cover film exterior surfaces, wherein atmospheric temperature sensor when senses that atmospheric air temperature is         approaching 0°C, switches-on pressurized hot air injections into the heating manifold
 
·       20th  Module comprises fixing  thermal  shading  film  of  defined  thickness  to  greenhouse roof  and  to  at  least  one  external  side           of  greenhouse  and  fixing  a  milky  white  film  to  each  side  without thermal  shading  film  together  with  automated  retractable              thermal shading curtains covering internal surface thereof
 
·    20th Module comprises  thermal shading film fixed to greenhouse roof and four external sides to fully insulate                         greenhouse environment from outdoor environment
 
·       21st  Module further maintains optimal insulation between two layers of inflated double layer greenhouse cover film              which is critical for increased thermal efficiency, and for reducing heat loss and  associated thermal energy cost 

 

 PATENTS STATUS

(2G) valid up to 06.09.2032   

(2G) comprises low cost tangible solutions for existing prior art greenhouses

(3G L1) valid up to 18.07.2037

 

(3G L1) comprises improvements over (2G) 

 
 
 
 

(2G)

 
 
Country             
     Status
Certificate Of Grant 
      Date
Expiry   Date 
   Next  Annuity / Renewal
INDIA
 Pending
 
19.12.2012
19.12.2032
Not applicable
NEW ZEALAND
 Granted
706656
30.09.2016
19.12.2032
19.12.2020
AUSTRALIA
 Granted
 
17.08.2017
19.12.2032
19.12.2020
EPO
 Granted
12821317.0 – 1011 / 2892320
04.02.2019
19.12.2032
Not Applicable
GERMANY
 Granted
Registration No. 60 2012 056 307.9
08.08.2019
19.12.2032
31.12.2020
FRANCE
 Granted
EP2892320
23.01.2019
19.12.2032
31.12.2020
KOREA
 Granted
10-1917789
06.11.2018
19.12.2032
4th 06.11.2021
CANADA
 Granted
     2883489
22.01.2019
19.12.2032
19.12.2020
CHINA
 Granted
 104703463A
 22.02.2017
19.12.2032
22.02.2020
U S
 Granted
 US 10,477,783 B2
19.11.2019
29.04.2033
19.05.2023   19.05.2027 19.05.2031
EURASIA
 Granted
          34406
14.11.2019
19.12.2032
 
SOUTH AFRICA
 Granted
 
27.01.2016
19.12.2032
19.12.2025
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

(3G L1)

 
 
Country
Status
Certificate Of Grant
Date
Expiry   Date 
Next Annuity / Maintain
INDIA
Pending
 
18.07.2017
18.07.2037
N/A
AUSTRALIA
Granted
 
06.12.2018
18.07.2037
01.02.2023
EPO
Notice of Allowance  28.05.2020 
 
 
18.07.2037
31.07.2020
U S
Pending
 
15.12.2017
18.07.2037
 01/12/2018
CHINA
Pending
2385393  104703463A AO1G9/18(2006.01) A01G9 /24 (2006.01) 1
13.07.2018
18.07.2037
 
CANADA
Pending
 
28.06.2018
18.07.2037
28.06.2020